All Saints All Souls
November 1 and November 2nd
Eternal rest grant unto them O Lord and may perpetual light shine upon them
and may they rest in peace.
All Saints' Day is a Christian holy day observed by many Western churches on November 1 and by Eastern churches on the first Sunday after Pentecost.
The day now honors all saints of the church, even those not known by name.
The first All Saints' Day occurred on May 13, 609 when Pope Boniface IV accepted the Pantheon as a gift from the Emperor Phocas. Boniface dedicated it as the Church of Santa Maria Rotonda in honor of the Blessed Virgin and all martyrs. During Pope Gregory III's reign (731-741), the festival was expanded to include all saints and a chapel in St. Peter's church was dedicated accordingly. Pope Gregory IV officially designated the day in 837.
As a Holy Day of Obligation, Roman Catholics are required to attend Mass and to "refrain from unnecessary servile work" on this day.
For Roman Catholics, All Saints is a day to remember, thank God for, but also to venerate and pray to the saints in heaven for various helps.
It is a day to glorify Jesus Christ,
All Souls' Day, observed on November 2, is celebrated with Masses and festivities in honor of the dead. The living pray on behalf of the Poor Souls who are in Purgatory, the state in the afterlife where souls are purified before proceeding to heaven. Souls in purgatory, who are members of the church just like living Christians, must suffer so that they can be purged of their sins.
Through prayer and good works, living members of the church may help their departed friends and family.
All Souls' Day is celebrated today, particularly in Mexico, where All Hallows' Eve, All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day are collectively observed as "Los Dias de los Muertos" (The Days of the Dead). First and foremost, the Days of the Dead is a time when families fondly remember the deceased.
The more we work for Poor Souls on earth
the more others will pray for us,
the more merciful will Christ be with us when we are in Purgatory.
O Eternal Father, I offer Thee the Most Precious Blood of Thy Divine Son, Jesus, in union with the Masses said throughout the world today, for all the holy souls in Purgatory and for sinners everywhere -- for sinners in the universal Church, for those in my own home and in my own family.